In D. Schlangen & R. Fernandez (Eds.), Proceedings of the Tenth Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue (pp. 90-97).
In spatial dialog like in direction giving humans make frequent use of speech-accompanying gestures. Some gestures convey largely the same information as speech while others complement speech. This paper reports a study on how speakers distribute meaning across speech and gesture, and depending on what factors. Utterance meaning and the wider dialog context were tested by statistically analyzing a corpus of direction-giving dialogs. Problems of speech production (as indicated by discourse markers and disfluencies), the communicative goals, and the information status were found to be influential, while feedback signals by the addressee do not have any influence.